A fabric guide
A guide to the fabrics & fibres we use, and why we love them.
Each material we use in collections is chosen with thoughtful intention and care, carefully considering what they are made from and the environmental impacts of their production and importantly we also consider the fabric’s overall life: how durable it is, how long it will last, how easy it will be to care for, and the overall quality of that fabric.
Cotton is a natural fibre that is made from the seedpod of the cotton plant. It is versatile and has amazing natural properties: it’s soft, strong, easy to care for, durable and resistant to pilling. Cotton is renewable and biodegradable and has the advantage of being a completely natural product, that doesn’t require an intensive chemical process in order to be transformed into a fabric. Cotton can take as little as 2 weeks to biodegrade in landfill or compost.
However cotton requires large amounts of water to grow & non-organic cotton requires a lot of pesticides, which is why we only use dead-stock cotton fabrics to be more mindful of the environmental & ethical impacts of cotton production.
Linen is a natural fabric made from the fibres of the flax plant, and is one of the oldest fibres in the world.
This sustainable fibre requires little water and energy to produce, alongside being a highly enconomical and cost effective crop, it gets softer with each wash and wear. Flax is resilient and can grow in poor soil, using far less water in it's consumption than cotton and is a renewable resource. Linen can biodegrade in landfill or compost in as little as 2 weeks.
Linen has three times the strength that cotton does, as well as holding natural heat and moisture-wicking properties, meaning it breathes incredibly well and will help keep you dry and cool.
Wool is a natural fibre which comes from the hair of sheep – and is completely biodegradable. This fibre is also renewable, as each year sheep produce a new fleece after they have been shorn. Wool has many amazing properties – including the ability to react to changes in body temperature, meaning it will help you stay cool in warm weather and warm in cold weather. It has a beautiful, soft feel, as well as a natural elasticity which will stretch and return to its natural shape as you wear it.
A lightweight wooolen garment can biodegrade in landfill or compost in as little as 9 months. A heavier garment like a coat, jacket or jumper can take up to 4-5 years.
Australia is the world’s largest supplier of wool, grown year round across the country. We only use dead-stock wool fabrics as more ethical choice for us and our customers as animals are involved in the growing of wool.
Rayon, Viscose, Cupro & Tencel
Rayon, viscose and cupro are biodegradable fibres which are made from wood cellulose sourced from quick growing, regenerative trees such as eucalyptus, beech and pine, as well as plants such as bamboo, soy and sugar cane, which is then chemically treated to produce its fibres. Cellulose fabrics can biograde in composit or landfill between 2 weeks & 3 months.
They have a beautiful natural drape, and are known for their softness, moisture absorbency, as well as being breathable and comfortable to wear. They are often used as a silk alternative. As a plant-based fibre, viscose is not inherently toxic or polluting. However, because of the growing fast fashion industry, much of the viscose on the market today is manufactured cheaply using energy, water and chemically-intensive processes.
Due to this, we generally only encorporate them into our collections when blended with other natural fibres to create extra strength, drape and durability and source dead-stock whenever possible.
Silk is a all natural fibre made from the cocoons of the silk worm and is one of the oldest fibres used to make textiles. Alongside being extremely soft to handle, strong, breathable and featuring a beautiful drape, silk is also biodegradable, renewable and can be recycled.
During the production of conventional silk ( excluding peace silk ) the silk worm is killed in order to retrieve the silk thread undamaged. Due to this we only source dead-stock silks & silk blend fabrics as more ethical choice for us and our customers.
Polyester is derived from petroleum, which makes it an accessory to the world’s most polluting industries. Polyester fibres can take between 20-200 years to decompose in compost or landfill.
The good news is that polyester is extremely durable and long lasting, alongside being super easy to care for, and it can add some really important properties of longivity to your clothing. While we generally avoid polyester, you may find a small amount of polyester blended in with a natural fibre or cellulose fiber, so that we can add the all important property of durability and easy-care to our garments. When choosing a polyester blend, we weigh the pros of an incredibly durable garment with the con of a less-sustainable fibre. We only source dead-stock polyester blend fabrics.
New technology has enabled us to recycle polyester & it is one of the most common fibres to be recycled and make into new fabrics.